It took just 11 days, but the US lost another war. Washington and its mostly
NATO allies spent 20 years, thousands of lives, and trillions of dollars to
construct a political façade in Kabul, which disappeared almost overnight
without trace. Now the Biden administration is frantically attempting to rescue
American and allied citizens, as well as friendly Afghans desperate to avoid
being transported back into the 7th Century AD again.
As if the recently concluded war was not enough, however, a kettle of uber-hawks is proposing grand new misadventures in Afghanistan. Why anyone would expect the results to be different than before is mystifying. However, the War Party is never discouraged, chastened, or humbled. It moves ever ahead, concocting new conflicts for the American people to go fight and in which to die.
Consider the not so simple task of evacuating tens of thousands of people from
Kabul, a city now occupied by America’s recent military adversaries. The airport
has been thronged by Afghans hoping to hop a flight to somewhere, anywhere,
that will welcome the future. US troops control the airport’s military side,
but Taliban checkpoints ring the facility. American and allied citizens as well
as Afghans who aided the allied cause are scattered about the city of more than
four million, many in hiding, and elsewhere around the country. Although the
Taliban are allowing foreigners through the checkpoints, Afghans have found
the journey to be much rougher.
This terrible situation reflects US incompetence as much as Taliban cruelty.
And without formal gathering points elsewhere in the city, there is little Washington
could do, even with a larger military force. Which has led to proposals for
renewed intervention to rescue Americans and Afghans.
For instance, Paul
Wolfowitz, George W. Bush’s deputy secretary of defense, who did so much
damage to America and the Middle East through his malign role in the Iraq imbroglio,
recently advocated rescuing undefined “deserving people” if stuck
in Afghanistan: “a covert-action directive should be issued to US intelligence
agencies, working with the Defense Department, to establish an ‘underground
railroad’ out of Afghanistan after our official military presence ends.”
Getting more people out even after American forces have departed is a worthy
objective, but a military operation likely would leave Afghans worse off. Inserting
armed Americans would risk discovery, combat, and capture, and increase regime
paranoia. This would encourage tougher internal security measures and more intense
repression, rather than relaxation of social controls that the US and Europeans
hope to promote.
The Wall Street Journal, long a cheerleader for endless war, urged Washington
to mount a much more aggressive military campaign: “Joint NATO forces can
expand the airport perimeter and create a corridor into Kabul city with more
points of access to the airport for Americans, NATO nationals and Afghan SIV
candidates. Special forces can conduct rescue missions in difficult to reach
areas. The US can establish military hubs outside the airport and around the
country where evacuees can assemble for transport. Why should the US and its
allies limit themselves to the Kabul airport, which the Taliban could cripple
by bombing the runway?”
Alas, such a plan would merely shift the problem of access. Whatever perimeter
the US establishes, the Taliban could draw another line beyond, separating evacuees
from the means of escape. A corridor would allow access only to those able to
reach it. Individual rescue missions, whether via helicopter, vehicle, or foot,
across Kabul would invite ambushes and clashes.
Establishing military hubs and occupying airports elsewhere in the country would be even more dangerous. Smaller detachments isolated in Taliban-controlled territory would require active defense. To reach these points potential evacuees would have to travel on insecure roads through the Taliban-dominated landscape. Allied evacuation flights could be delayed or halted by the country’s new rulers or radical freelancers. Urban combat in Kabul or elsewhere would result in heavy civilian casualties.
Wall Street Journal columnist Peggy Noonan exhibited even greater recklessness. Of the unknown number of Americans left in Afghanistan, she wrote: “They must be rescued, wherever they are. If we have to fight our way to them, we fight our way.” Don’t worry about cost: “send in more troops and air power if needed.”
Channeling her inner-George Patton, she wrote: “The road to Kabul airport
should be smashed open and kept open by whatever means – whatever it takes.
If Bagram Air Base needs to be reopened under US control, reopen it. Throw in
everything you’ve got. The administration, which is talking to the Taliban,
should make it clear that this is what we are doing, that nothing will stop
it, the rescue is going to happen. If it means blowing way past the Aug. 31
fixed departure day, blow past it.”
Such an operation in a city crowded with refugees could not help but be messy.
Think “Black Hawk Down,” but with the opposition numerous, determined,
well-armed, and newly triumphant. Such a fight could act as a call to jihad
for a movement otherwise focused on consolidating control of Afghanistan. Yet
the US does not have heavy reinforcements within easy reach. And attempting
to land additional units at urban airports under fire could lead to catastrophic
Verging on a looney tunes adventure was retired general
Don Bolduc’s proposal for a six-to-eight-month operation to seize all of
Afghanistan’s airports, establish transportation corridors throughout the country,
and extricate untold numbers of people. With only 6,000 more troops, he claimed,
the US could occupy the country and set the Taliban to flight. Seriously? Then
how did the Taliban triumph? What if recalcitrant Taliban fighters tested some
of their newly captured American weapons on US military personnel and putative
refugees? The mind boggles.
However, none of these suggestions compare to the proposal from Charli Carpenter of the University of Massachusetts Amherst to restart the war, only with a humanitarian gloss and against both sides. If Washington was unable to defend the government that it created from the Taliban, no worries. Just announce a new humanitarian mission to bomb both the Taliban and the regime Washington had created and supported for two decades if they harm civilians.
Carpenter a couple weeks ago, when there still theoretically were Afghan
government military units in the field: “the Biden administration needs
to simultaneously re-engage air power at the international community’s behest
– on Afghan civilians’ behalf rather than Kabul’s – while shifting the narrative
about what a US presence in Afghanistan is all about. And crucially, the United
Nations should marshal all its political will to assist, including authorizing
such action under Chapter VII of the U.N. Charter or, if that vote should fail,
a ‘Uniting for Peace’ resolution under the UN General Assembly.”
In essence, Carpenter suggested that if only America had begun to bomb the Taliban and Ghani government for the UN rather than the Taliban for the Ghani government, disaster would have been averted. The Afghan people would have been happy, Kabul would have held firm, and the Taliban would have halted their triumphant advance across Afghanistan, agreed to UN peacekeepers around the country, abandoned their quarter-century campaign to rule the country, and joined their enemies in holding hands and singing Kumbaya. Peace would reign even as the Biden administration withdrew its forces from Afghanistan. No problem!
Carpenter compared her idea to earlier campaigns in the Balkans and Libya.
However, neither offers a model for Afghanistan. In those cases, the US freshly
intervened, in dramatic contrast to Afghanistan, in which the US had been attempting
to defeat one of the combatants for two decades.
Moreover, neither the Balkans nor Libya involved genuine peacekeeping operations.
For instance, after Yugoslavia’s breakup the US went to war against ethnic Serbian
forces everywhere but failed to act against other ethnic groups committing atrocities
against Serbs. Indeed, US officials refused to even call the Croatian military’s
expulsion of tens of thousands of Serbs from the Krajina region “ethnic
cleansing.” Some US officials considered the Kosovo Liberation Army to
be a terrorist organization – before Washington officially made it a military
partner and stood by as it later conducted ethnic cleansing.
In Libya the US and European governments labeled a low-grade regime change
operation “humanitarian.” The allies cited Muammar Khadafy’s threats
against armed rebels in Benghazi as if he was threatening civilians, even though
his government, repressive though it was, had massacred no one. Deceitfully
packaging regime change as a humanitarian operation in a UN resolution, which
won Chinese and Russian support, angered these two permanent members of the
Security Council, which are unlikely to back any future requests for similar
The Afghan war went on far too long. Biden was right to withdraw US forces.
He botched the job, but those who originally turned Afghanistan into an endless
war are most to blame and have no credibility to complain. Their plans for additional
rounds of hostilities should be dismissed with derision.
Although the administration should evacuate as many allied citizens and Afghan friends as possible, turning such an operation into another armed battle would have dire security and humanitarian consequences, for America and Western-minded Afghans. It is time to rebuild a nation ravaged by more than four decades of war.
Doug Bandow is a Senior Fellow at the Cato Institute. A former Special Assistant
to President Ronald Reagan, he is author of several books, including Foreign
Follies: America’s New Global Empire.